Two years later


Crewmember Diary Entries  (excerpts)

December 6, 1943
. . . On entering Pearl Harbor we passed through torpedo nets that are opened and closed by tugs . . . On our way in signs of the attack could still be seen. The Battleship Oklahoma was afloat but at a 45 degree angle and still pumping water out of her. The water and shoreline was covered with a lot of oil.  We tied up alongside the concrete piers, which is called Battleship Row, alongside Ford Island.
The Arizona is alongside the pier, on the inboard side.  Looking over the side we can make out the outline of the hull and turret 1 and 4 still have their 14″ guns on board. A lot of oil is seeping out of the Arizona.     Frank Studenski

Dec 7 – 43
Two years ago today Pearl harbor where we are now anchored was attacked. We can still see some of the ships half sunk.   George Pitts

Interview memories (excerpts)

When we first got to Pearl Harbor, when we were going through the channel,    I remember that you could see oil bubbling up, and it looked like smoke here and there.  We tied up alongside the Arizona, and you could look down and see it lying there.     Bob Knight

When we first arrived, it was hard to believe two years had passed since the December 7th attack.  The Arizona was ghastly looking and some of the other ships were still half-sunk.  George Pitts

Compliments of “U.S.S BOSTON in World War II (Baked Beans vol. 1)

Thinking about War and how we “see the enemy”


I started recently contemplating “Wars” and how we think about them.  What reference points do we use when we think about World War Two (the Second Act of WWI), Korea, Vietnam and the War on Terror?  In WWII, we think of our foes primarily in two ways.  Our enemies were citizens of specific countries: Germany, Italy and Japan, and we think of them primarily that way. We fought the Gerries, Krauts, Japs, etc.  We also think of them in terms of their socio-political organizations: Nazis, Fascists, Imperialists.  In other words, by Ideology.

The two major Cold War wars that we asked our sons to fight in:  Korea and Vietnam were proxy wars in which by helping our allies, we were fighting Communism (Russia and China.)  In early days of our involvement in Vietnam, Kennedy’s advisors pushed hard the “Domino Theory” that if we didn’t stop Communism by helping South Vietnam stop Ho ChiMinh and the North Korean insurgency, well, then, where would it stop?  (If you’re as ancient as I am, perhaps you remember the graphics and map that Walter Cronkite showed on his nightly news to illustrate the impending fall of the dominoes.)

In these two wars, our enemy was not a country, but rather, an Ideology.

Fast forward to the War on Terrorism.  Most of the terrorists who tipped this country upside-down by their acts on 9-11 were Saudi Arabians.  We didn’t declare war on Saudi Arabia.  We did go to war with a coalition of allies in Desert Storm; once again as troops supporting our allies.  Subsequent military actions, stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to Afghanistan, in which many of our brave sons and daughters have perished and many more were seriously wounded (in body and mind) fighting to protect our freedom; the enemy has been cast in a different way.

Unlike previous wars we fought against other Countries or Ideologies, we now primarily see the enemy in the War on Terrorism in religious terms.  (I am pointing this out as an observation – not making a judgment on the rightness or wrongness of such thinking.)  We now mostly view this as a war on Radical Islam.    We have thrown a VERY big tent over this fight  –  because Muslims number more than 1.8 billion people worldwide (one quarter of the world’s population) and they belong to the second largest religion in the world, right behind Christianity.

I don’t know what to make of all this except that our notion of the enemy over the last one hundred years has changed as coming from a “certain Country”, to coming from a “certain Political System” to now as coming from a “certain Religion.”




Over the last year or so, several factors that influence this web/blogsite have occurred / changed.  As you probably know, we were hacked  –  the attacks came in through our email links, causing many headaches for Bill, as he worked diligently to build new protections.  As a result, we had to suspend auto alerts of new posts to those folks who had requested them.

We also put up another site about Task Force 58 / 38. ( – a work in place, but “unfinished.”

At Bill’s prodding, we put up a Facebook Group Page USS Boston CA-69; there are currently 78 members.  Oftentimes, I post the blogs from the original website ( onto the Facebook page  –  but not always.  Sometimes there is material that appears in one place but not  the other.

Which brings me to the final bit: me.  Regular readers of this site will have noticed my blogs have been less frequent of late.  The reason:  I have been immersed in writing something that I’ve wanted to do for 30 years.  I side-tracked it for many reasons (not the least of which was the Boston books and the websites).   I won’t reveal what it is exactly  –  but it involves a piece of colonial history that “changed everything.”  I have not walked away from the Boston, but until I finish what I started, my contributions will be less frequent.



carrier planes


A recap of Boston’s station in the task force(s):   Task Force 58 (and 38) was organized into a flotilla of warships.  There were destroyers, cruisers, battleships and aircraft carriers  –  typically around 100 ships.  In order for a large Task Force to carry out it’s objectives, it was broken down into smaller “task groups.”  Each task group was built around several carriers, and each carrier was surrounded by “screens”  (a screen = a group of ships whose purpose was to protect the carriers.)  Carriers were surrounded by a screen of “capital ships”  –  (battle wagons and cruisers), capital ships were screened by a ring of destroyers – first line of defense against enemy ships and aircraft.  A typical task group had 4 aircraft carriers, surrounded by a ring of large capital ships ( usually 6 or more), surrounded by a “picket screen” of destroyers – usually 12 or more.)

For example:  TG 38.1 (near the end of Philippines Operations and through “Operation Gratitude”  –  South China Sea and French IndoChina) consisted of 4 aircraft carriers (heavy carriers Yorktown, Wasp and Essex, and light carrier Cowpens), screened by 2 battleships (Massachusetts and South Dakota), 3 heavy cruisers (Boston, Baltimore and San Francisco), 2 light cruisers (Santa Fe and Flint), screened by two destroyer divisions (Cushing, Uhlmann, Colahan, Halsey Powell, Benham, Yarnall, Twining, Wedderburn, Stockham, DeHaven, Mansfield, Lyman K Swenson, Collett, Maddox, Blue, Brush, Taussig and Samuel N. Moore.   29 warships, by my count.  25 of those ships were there to protect the carriers.

Every ship’s job was to play a role in securing the viability of the main asset in the war in the Pacific: carrier planes.

Grumman F6F Hellcat as it comes to land on the Yorktown.
Formation of Navy Hellcats